Have you ever felt you should cut down on your drinking or drug use?
Have people ever annoyed you by criticizing your drinking or drug use?
Have you ever felt guilty about your drinking or drug use?
Have you ever had a drink or used drugs first thing in the morning (an eye opener or early morning drink) to steady your nerves or get rid of a hangover or residual drug effect?
If you answered yes to 2 or more of these questions, your drinking or drug use may be harmful, indicating you should seek a comprehensive assessment. (CAGE-AID: Mayfield, McLeod & Hall, 1974)